Transcript of BBC
News on Video (In the News of January
It's not democracy or iraq into a battle country. It's makes for interesting
conversations and listen to it on the tv.
>> It's like my life walking out the door and I don't know when it's coming
back a the mood in the burn's family is somber. He leaves for iraq asy his wife
blames the commander in chief.
>> They just got home last year. And they're going back again this year. Why?
>> And say anything, and more troops over there after my husband comes. No,
come on give us a break
>> You're saying it's necessary for victory to send more troops
>> Who's victory, his or ours?
>> The officer in charge he too is packing for iraq the top of the list the
picture of his sons. The colonel will 4,000 freshest troop. Does he want them
>> I want it tok iraq
>> You don't feel you are understaffed as open civil war
>> Well, I don't feel I'm understaffed. We're fully ready to do the mission
we're going to do.
>> I'm not asking for them. The same question on every soldiers mind will we
finally control baghdad or plant more trees? A bloody gamble in the war that has
been given a second wind. Matt fry. Our defense correspondent paul wood has been
lookinging at the arguments for and against the strategy as sending. Troops to a
country embroiled in sectarian violence.
>> This year may be the blood yes yet in iraq. End the white house admits
there will be more violence if the troops go in at least at first. What is the
case for reenforcing iraq
>> We must bring the violence in baghdad and around iraq in order to have any
prospect of economical development and reconciliation. You can't have those
things with the sectarian violence.
>> Iraq sectarian pob faultline runs through baghdad. It sunni in belushi
yeah. Flooding the capitol with troops will its hoped palestinian the december
frut flight of thousands of iraq's from these mixed areas. More troops are being
used and last summer's failed offensive when the iraqis much better trained.
Crucially the iraqi government once accused of tolerating the death squads says
it will tackle the shiite militias. Last e year that was off-limits
>> What about the case against?
>> Take this week's bitter fighting for highaifa street. 50 insurgents were
killed. But it was hard going for the american. High tech weaponry isn't much
good. One U.S. Bay talion took 160 injured on this mile stretch of road.
>> More troops make more targets and more casualties and haifa street has
been cleaned up half a dozen times. A coalition search simply displaces the
insurgents. They return later. This is too little too late. You need troops
after the initial invasion. They're not going to be able to lockdown the areas
and end if they do they the iraqis won't be able to hold them.
>> The risks are huge. This deployment could provoke a shiite backlash
affecting british troops. Failure could mean full-scale civil war and then a e
are journal war. Whichever is borne out by events president bush is going
against the advice of many of his generals. More than ever this is bush's war a
final immense gamble with the highest of stakes. Paul wood bbc world news.
>> So can the plan succeed and joined in the studio by tom donnelly a
military scholar. Thanks very much for joining us. The white house has tried
surges before. How do you rate the chances for this plan?
>> Let's hope there's a change that mission as well as an increase in the
size of the force. The 63 to the clear hold and build strategy by the
administration about a year oh so ago is a hold part. Nobody is going no iraqi
force no element in iraq going to toe-to-toe with a western force an american
force. The question is who's in neighbourhood after the clearing has been done.
And I think that the key this time is going to be will american and working
together hold what they clear?
>> The plan does seem to rely to a huge extent on the willingness of prime
minister maliki to take on the shia militias. Do you get any indications from
the administration that mr. 3458 key is prepared to do that?
>> I think that the american and iraqi are going to work be dovetailed very
nicely here and it's much better for the government to confront the shia
militias and in particular the army of aal-sadir rather than the americans and
occupier versus iraqi conflict
>> So why might they change their strategy?
>> We will see whether in fact they will. But I think the iraqi government
understands this is essential for them because the army has moved into the space
that should be occupied by the iraqi government but is to secure the iraqi
people and in particular be the defender of the shia community
>> We've exerts serpts from the american commitment is not open-minded but
holding baghdad alone creating the security to have a political solution could
>> I think that's correct. One hopes that as a military proposition that will
take perhaps I mean take a year at least to know whether we've actually
succeeded. And one hopes too that will provide an opportunity for iraqi forces
to have gained that confidence to see how american forces operate, to operate in
a legitimate fatings and not as a precursor to sectarian can cleansing. But this
gives them a chance to succeed.
>> Thanks you for joining us that with that let's go to mike in london. And
mike a challenge to europeans to stop global warming. It sounds like an
eastbounding stra emily ambitious goal
>> It is presented as ambitious. Some environment lists are more of a good
start. According to the european commission nothing less than a new industrial
revolution is needed to create a low carbon economy. It's in latest policy a
climate change the commission commits all member states to cut gas emissions by
20 percent by 20-20.
>> For turning to may not sound like a nightmare in the middle of the winter
britain warms up climate change will turn southern europe into the saw hara.
Some of eu has been too timid
>> We have to be ambitious if you want to deep the lights on. We've got to
lead the world than the commission suggested today
>> It's not just car free zones where cycles to the school. Resolve is house
that follows the sun which re-tats produces five times as electricity as it
uses. There are plants turning garbage into gas and waste like wood chips to
heat for 4000 people. It's new industrial revolution. The commission wants
countries to promise that 2020% of eu's energy needs will come from roue nubl
sources by 202020. It warns on cutting back on nuclear power
>>. Europu union all learn from places like this they say that there has to
be a massive increase in renewable energy but don't runaway with the idea that
the germans all green goodie goodies. In fact they're in trouble with the
commission. This is a steel plant. It's 7,000 tons of coke in smoke every day.
They want to cutback its emissions that push up their prices. New the european
union wants new targets a 20% in greenhouse gases in eu by 202020, and 30% in
the developed world. But still in left than impressed.
>> Reduction of steel emissions in europe is only a very, very small amount
one% of the glonl emissions. There is no effect on climate change believe it.
>> But the commission is determined to press their head these are the
blueprints for industrial revolution a cold powered power station that that
pumps out no carbon gases and it's built in germany in 7 years and cost more
than a $1 billion. Cutting back emissions also has a price tag
>> You can do a lot if you want to pay the price. The politicians have to
decide what is their target. On the other hand we have to secure that the
european german and european energy industries are further able to compete in
international markets. But from the european union do have an energy policy.
Soon there will be eu rules to prevent climate change.
>> Miscellaneous co-has welcomed the decision by belarus to can cancel a
transit tax on russian oil.
>> Full pipeline operations it's have resumed. Now belarus has agreed to
return 80,000 tons of oil bought by europe which was diverted during the dispute
the united states has denied its made any new air raids in somalia since sunday.
The somali government 4 villages in the south have been hit in new strike. It's
thought that ethiopian forces may have called in their own air support.
>> Still to come on bbc world news.
>> The tragedy of the architect of ancient persia which is threatened with
>> Let's get all the business news.
>> Also the weakness in the U.S. Dollar appear to have helped boost
eastbounding supports. The bush administration held the $58 billion deficit at a
sign that it's efforts to open foreign markets are are actually working. And
booming are for we gained control of for the year. Japanese expects profits
double. The dow up rally confirmed about the and nasdaq closed up. European
market was down by the end of trading.
>> A quick look at our main head sep that american officials have been giving
details of the new pale see on iraq decided by president bush. He's sending
thousands more soldiers there. And the europeup union announced its taking the
lead in cutting greenhouse gas emissions 20% by 20 2020.
>> Once a place of dazzling beauty compa raw noun across the muslim for
buildings of iranin is suffering from the march of progress. The need for
development land means of heritage is bulldozed our correspondent france
harrison sent us this report
>> There's rapid destruction here. Iran second biggest city. Land prices are
sigh rocketing and there are profits to be made in construction.
>> Everywhere 400-year-old buildings are being destroyed to make way for new
roads for shopping centres.
>> Being you destroyed what remains a tiny tiny piece of the puzzle that
glimpse of the whole. Historical that doesn't in the real sense. We can't that
is in danger. We've already passed that point. I don't think this much left to
destroy. Building a new metro system the only problem the line under bun of the
most historic streets in the iran. It's being built under these gardens that
date back more than a hundred years. The worry that vibrations from the train
will damage the building on either side of the street. Among the precious which
some are the most religious school in iraq. The fear that the tile work will
literally fall off the walls when it's shaken on a daily basis. It's not a kind
way to treat old buildings. When the government is doing it, why should
individuals be different?
>> The wall of 18th century house collapsed last year. It's only a matter of
time before it's demolished like many others. What local shop keepers why the
government doesn't do more to protect their heritage.
>> If an ordinary man has a house and is forced to knock it. There are
compwor justice in attract tourists. We have to save them.
>> One heritage expert it's nothing is done to halt the progress very few
houses will remain. All that the main historic sites like this. And end they he
said are in a state of disrepair.
>> It is called a museum city. It appears that it's destroyed in the name of
progress and energy.
>> As a person who has a spend most of my life trying to preserve iran's
national heritage, I can say not only here but iran generally I believe
destruction is under way. When facinging the iranian people no generation can be
as shameful as ours. For the century has not been kind to this city. This
iranian was equal to half the world.
>> Still to come on this programme. Found after 73 years, an earring said to
have belonged to marley noddy trick.
>> And for that for that defor no for been sworn in president 17 years after
he last held the office. Chafeds has been sworn in for a third term.
>> It was not the kind of swearing in ceremony people here are accustomed to.
Instead of the usual promises to uphold on and defend the law president chavez
who won a landslide victory went further. I swear by my people and my country I
will not rest my arm or my soul as we build a new political system a new social
system a new economic system. I swear by christ the greatest socialist in
history i swear the pain, the love and the hope.
>> These words mr. Chavez began another six years in power. A third success
saysive term which promises to be full of changes.
>> His inaugural speech he repeated his promise to carry out a sweep reform
of constitution. The changes include scrapping any limits as how many times he
can be reelected.
>> Parliament is unlikely to stand in his way it's entirely made up of pro
chavez lawmakers. Venezuela's left wing leader has asked for special powers to
rush through a bunch of laws. He's been given assurances by the speaker in
parliament that he won't face any obstacles at least not here.
>> He's opposition critics including the catholic church here are deeply
concerned that mr. Chavez will try to perpetuate himself in power that his
president chavez remind of his inauguration he still is a strong democratic
mandate from the people.
>> An antique earring thought to be absencing tremendouses marlene dietrich
has been discovered as a british airpark. They are un laurned for to roller
coaster where she lost it 73 years ago.
>> 1934 at the height of her fame in hollywood, marlene dietrich visited. By
all accounts she had a terrific time on the big dipper which had just opened.
>> Dietrich was the highest paid actress at the time. The film star left with
happy memory but without her pearl earring that she left behind. It was said to
have been lost on one of the rides. Now all these years later it seems to have
>> She went on the big dipper which is a ride you can see behind me, and
there was a always been a lake here, and that's where it must have fallen off
into the lake
>> Tell me what you make of it
>> How could the owners that the earring found was dietrich'S. We asked a
jeweler to take a look
>> From a time point of view it could be 74 years old. I couldn't be more
specific than that. It may be well be her earring
>> Marlene dietrich died in 1992 in the belief that her earring was lost
forever. They can't return to it her it will stay on the pleasure beach to the
thrill seekers of blackball.
>> Briefly some football for you david beckham remains uncertain. In the
spain england captain of possible move to the united states. But an offer from
madrid is still on the table and discussions we're told are going on.
>> And before we go a quick look at the main. White house officials here in
washington have outlined some of details of president bush's new strategy for
iraq which is due to announce in a few hours time. The plan involves send an
extra 21,000 soldiers to iraq. I'm kathy kay. I'm mike embly. You can get much
more information on our web site, bbcnews.Com. <
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