>> And in
this week, somali governments and ethiopian forces entered the
capital mogadishu but while the islamists appear for now to have
melted away, many fear a return to anarchy and violence in the city.
And one islamist leader told bbc world the war was by no means over.
They would wage a guerrilla campaign against the government. We get
this report. .
>> Islamist fighters have melted away from mogadishu but most are
saying off the street. Has been looting and gunfire. They're about
to launch a guerrilla insurgency but many of their fighters have
taken off their uniforms and placed themselves in the authority of
and the ability to take control, especially with the ethiopians
withdraw. That's what the african union wants them to do. But the
ethiopians have the tacit backing of the americans. They say they
will leave somalia but only after they've restored order. .
>> It will be a few weeks. Hopefully a matter of days before we
leave. At most a matter of a few weeks but while we're there, we'll
help to stabilize mogadishu. We will not let mogadishu burn
>> Reporter: It will be a tough job to stabilize a capital that
has known little but anarchy for a generation. I asked the special
emissary if the government was now in charge of mogadishu?
>> Precisely. They are now in control and the government leaders
have just arrived. The prime minister, the deputy prime minister and
interior prime minister. The high level government have come all the
way from the government to mogadishu and tonight they'll have the
discussion with the elders and political leaders and people of the
somali council. .
>> This is an outright victory? The war is over?
>> The war is over. In fact the war was not so severe because
islamists have a strong force.
>> Why did they melt away? Did that surprise you that they melted
>> They thought they could wage war against the somali elected
government. People realized the elements of danger.
>> They say look at iraq and that they'll be back. .
>> In somalia, the people are one nation. The first thing they're
going to say is thank you very much, ethiopia. You can all go home
>> Yes. .
>> Will they got home just like that? You. They have no hidden
agenda. They are one people. Now they have interdependency there,
trade, economic, security, all matters are there. Therefore we are
very happy with the help from our brothers of ethiopia. And
therefore it will be different africa tomorrow. .
>> You said here is the transition transitional government in
mogadishu sitting around with the clan elders. Sitting together.
It's not going to be that easy, is it? There have been years and
years of anarchy and vendetta. Different clans are seizing...
>> The people coming from mogadishu are not different. The prime
minister, the elected but the warlordists who used to be in
mogadishu have prevented the government, therefore the government
was not able to go to mogadishu by using military means and, of
course, this government was elected in kenya and it was a democratic
allyally elected government.
>> In iraq, saddam hussein has urged the diplomatic community to
stop them from handing him over to execution. He is duing to hanged
in 30 days. And hundreds of iraqis have volunteered to carry out the
>> Now that the execution has been confirmed, there need to be an
executioner and there are plenty of volunteers. .
>> I am not the only one who wants to execute.
>> In power saddam was untouchable untouchable, his brutal regime
responsible for hundreds of thousands deaths. Few escaped. Now
though, he is being seen as a common criminal about to be hanged.
And angry iraqis are seeking revenge. Without even advertising it,
the prime minister's office said it has been swampeded with hundreds
of inquiries from embittered people who want to administer the death
>> I'm shocked. I'm talking about on a weekly basis my own office
gets over hundreds per week and thousands, you know, per month. .
>> The task isn't complicated. It just needs someone to operate
the gallos just to pull the trigger, to pull the handle down ward. .
>> We might never know the identity of saddam's executioner. The
authorities are keeping the time, the place and the location of the
hanging a closely guarded secret. Last thing they want is a public
spectacle. Yesterday saddam's lawyers released a farewell lawyer
from prison in which he said he was ready to be martyred and called
upon iraqis to abandon hate. Instead there seems to be a long queue
of iraqis too keen to exact the ultimate vengeance. .
>> President bush said he is making good progress on a new
strategy for iraq after meeting senior members of his administration
in crawford, texas. The instructions are paving the way for a new
policy in iraq that the president is due to announce sometime early
in the new year.
>> We have more consultation to do until i talk to the country
about the than plan. Obviously we'll continue to work with the iraqi
government the key to success in iraq is being willing to deal with
the elements that are keeping iraq from succeeding. We want to help
them succeed so we'll continue to consult with the iraqis and I'll
talk to congress. Not only will i continue to reach out to congress
but members of my team will do so as well. I fully understand it is
important to have both republicans and democrats understanding the
importance of this mission it's important for the american people to
understand. Success in iraq is vital for our own security. If we
were to not succeed in iraq, the ebb mi, the extremists, the
radicals would have safe haven from which to lauren further atacks,
they would be emboldened, in a position threaten the united states
of america. This is an important part of the war on terror. We're
making good progress on a plan that we hope will help us achieve our
>> Food from cloned animals could go on sale soon. Meat and milk
they say is safe for human consumption
>> The issue of cloning has always sparked controversy and no
more so than when dolly the sheep was born ten years ago. She is
with a the first to be created using the scientific technique which
produces an exact genetic twin of another animal. There was never
much demand for the procedure as it couldn't be used in the meat
industry. Now, however, that could be about to change. For the first
tile, the U.S. Food and drug administration said that meat from
cloned animal is as safe as that from ordinary livestock. There has
been a mixed reaction from consumers.
>> I won't rule it out. .
>> I would not buy it.
>> I don't know enough about it.
>> From religious and consumer groups particularly opposed to the
idea, arguing that scientists don't know enough about the effect of
the signing. .
>> It advances technology that many find offensive. .
>> They're also concerned that the food and drug administration
says it's unlikely to recommend warning labels for such food. The
F.D.A. Stresses that a current moratorium on the food remains in
place until a final ruling.
>>> You're with bbc world. Still to come on the programme, a
fresh outbreak of gang violence in rio de janeiro. One people are
dead and many are injured. .
>> A british serviceman has been killed in afghanistan. .
>> The vehicle destroyed probably hit a mineing the ground to set
up a new outpost. It might have been left over from the russian
invasion of afghanistan or it might of freshly laid by the taliban.
The taliban have been growing stronger in the areas of the north and
south of hellmand province where they're determined to take control.
>> There is stability. But as we found out yesterday tragically,
it comes with a heavy price. The people really just want peace. The
afghan army and police are trying to give them that peace and
stability but very regrettably the taliban have a different view.
Their view is to destroy the hospitals and the schools. They don't
want people educated and they'll try to force this world back into
the dark ages. .
>> Fighting has been intense throughout december throughout the
towne where the explosion happened, showing no sign of a winter
break as it often does in afghanistan. The ministry of defence will
not yet name the person killed. The main fighting strength is drawn
from royal marines from 42 and 45 commando. David loyn, bbc news.
>> Authorities say around 6,000 african migrants have died oregon
missing on the sea journey to spain this year. 31 illegal immigrants
reached the canary islands safely. Six times more than last year.
Has faltd to stem the flow of people trying to escape poft. From bbc
world, our main headlines. Looting in the somali capital as forces
enter mogadishu. President bush says there's good progress on his
new strategy for iraq. . There has been a fresh wave of gang
violence in the brazilian city of rio de janeiro. At least one
people killed and 23 others injured in attacks by armed gangs the
the attacks last year in san paolo left 100 people dead. We have a
report from san paolo.
>> This was the most deadly attack. A gang of 30 men boarded the
bus and robbed the passengers and set it alight leaving seven dead.
Many of us who survived, spoke of the routine bus error.
>> It was.
>> A man, tee hook everything he took the things and left. We
thought it was all over and we were calm but then he said he felt
something burning. I don't know how but i gathered my strength, got
myself to the I'll of the bus and jumped through the win bow dough.
A woman working as a street vendor was fatally shot in the cross
fire and a 16-year-old boy was grazed by a bullet and taken to
hospital. This was reminiscent of similar attacks in san paolo last
may. 200 people died including many in police reprisals against
dlang members. Authorities are also linking the latest violence on
recent clampdowns on drug traffickers. Following the overnight
attack, security is being stepped up as thousands of tourists ariver
for the city's world famous beachside celebrations. Rio's mayor said
the party won't be spoiled even in a city well used to violence,
there will be nervous days ahead. .
>> In mexico, 21 people have died after a freight drain train and
a bus collided. Both the driver the bus and the train conductor. The
number of educated young iranians trying to leave their country
appears to be increasing rapidly. The rise began after president
ahmadinejad was elected to office. A year ago the country everyone
in this english languages class wants to go abroad. .
>> It is better jobs they're off, the cry for emigration to
canada or australia we work from morning to night and we still can't
live on the money we take. Over there we can have less hours of work
and make lore for young people, unemployment is more than 20%. It's
twice that for women. .
>> The temperature who her students dream for a better lifestyle
from abroad. They haven't actually been there to experience it. And
ifg abroad, it has itsliving abroad has its own difficulties. .
>> Even registering for the xptexam they're studying for, and
they spent the long night trying to recommendingster for the exam.
The authorities who, there are more twice the amount. More than one
50e,000 of the best young main and after graduation I want to find a
job for long time.
>> You don't plan to return to teheran?
>> No, no, never. Are are. The scombrshgs for what they want to
see... one estimate put it at nearly 40 billion lost every year.
1400 years after the prophet mohammed, muslims are making the yearly
pill grahamage to thegrimage to haaj. And paying their last respects
to james brown.
>>> The united states government has decided to list polar bears
as protected. Pollution and overhunting threatened the existence of
the bears as andrew barrows now reports.
>> 5,000, but there are predictions they could disappear within
the next century if arctic ice continues to melt. Ice is environment
which especially ables the world's largest land carnivore to lunt.
The reduction is cut about two-weeks. The that digsal hunting than.
This is a victory for wildlife and we neat sr., And to protect all
of us from the acts of global warming. .
>> President bush doesn't accept that it is causing global change
but it will lead inrecollectlied of the the it is a big deal for the
bush administration to recognize that global warming to do something
to stop global warming rat. Recognition of polar bears as a U.S.
Especially dangered isys act forces federal agencies to avoid
decisions which would yep theirs affect their future. An age old
tradition is about to come to an end in romania. The country joins
the E.U. On january 1st and has to place chromes on.
>> The romanian country sides one of the poorest parts of the one
of the poorest countries in the world. Romania joins the E.U. On the
30 of january. One practice will have to stop. The killing of pigs
for sacrifice by holding down. The E.U. Is outlawing, but the poor
romanians wonder how they'll survive. They're determined the new E.U.
Regulations will shoeld sway. They want to sell live animals or just
the meat can sell live animals inside their village. If there are
more than 20 animals, they must have professional farms, commercial
or microfarms that must fulfill the E.U. Standards. Bbc kr us? For
its former president
chanting his name jaims brown james brown over and over again. It
will take place on saturday. And we'll have more news and bulletins
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